Yunkai Li
Shanghai Ocean University
College of Marine Sciences
999 Huchenghuan Rd
Shanghai, 201306
Email: ykli@shou.edu.cn
Phone: (086)021-61900396
Fax: (086)021-61900304
Office: A321


Marine Ecology

Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms. In marine ecology, we will learn about the interactions that occur among marine organisms and their surrounding biotic and abiotic features. The oceans contain an incredible diversity of life, but also a high diversity of habitats and ecosystems in which organisms interact. Therefore we will begin the course with an introduction to the oceans and the types of organisms that live there. We then will focus on the evolutionary characteristics that have developed among oceanic organisms, that is their particular lifestyles and we will take a close look at open populations, in which organisms have separate larval, juvenile and adult stages. The middle of the course focuses on the basic ecological processes, such as predation and competition, that structure communities within various habitats. Finally, we will learn about the special problems that confront marine organisms through the actions of people. Humans introduce alien species, destroy habitats, remove organisms from the water, and change the climate through their actions. We will discuss the impacts that people have on ecological processes in the sea, and what we can do to prevent marine extinctions.






The Ocean Environment

Chapter 1


Science and Marine Biology

1. Importance of the Ocean and Marine Organism
2. Study of the Sea and Its Inhabitants
3. Marine Biology: A History of Changing Perspectives
4. Marine Biology and the Human Connections
5. Process of Sciences

Chapter 2


Fundamentals of Ecology

1. The study of Ecology
2. Ecology and the Physical Environment
3. Population
4. Communities
5. Ecosystems: Basic Units of the Biosphere
6. The Biosphere

Chapter 3


Geology of the Ocean

1. World Ocean
2. Continental Drift
3. Ocean Bottom
4. Composition of the Seafloor

Chapter 4


Water, Wave, and Tides

1. Ocean Heating and Cooling
2. Waves
3. Tides

Marine Organisms

Chapter 5


Biological Concepts

1. Building Blocks of Life
2. Cells
3. Evolution and Natural Selection
4. Classification: Bringing Order to Diversity

Chapter 6


Marine Microbes

1. Marine Viruses
2. Marine Bacteria
3. Marine Biology and the Human Connection: Harmful Algal Blooms

Chapter 7


Multicellular Primary Producers

1. Seeweeds
2. Marine Flowering Plants

Chapter 8


Lower Invertebrates

1. The Evolution of Bilateral Symmetry

Chapter 9 2 Higher Invertebrates

1. Mollucs
2. Cephalopods

Chapter 10


Marine Fishes

1. Fishes and Other Vertebrates
2. Jawless Fishes
3. Cartilaginous Fishes
4. Lobefins
5. Ray-Finned Fishes
6. The Biology of Fishes

Marine Ecosystems

Chapter 13


Intertidal Communities

1. Rocky Shores
2. Sandy Shores

Chapter 14


Estuaries and Continental Shelves

1. Life in Estuary
2. Wetlands
3. Lagoons
4. Continental Shelves
5. Benthic Communities
6. Neritic Zone

Chapter 15


Coral Reef

1. Organisms That Build Coral Reefs
2. Reef Formation
3. Reef Structure
4. Coral Reef Ecology 

Chapter 17


The Open Ocean

1. Life in the Open Sea
2. Survival in the Open Sea
3. Ecology of the Open Sea

Humans and the Sea

Chapter 19


Harvesting the Ocean's Resources

1.Commercial Fishing
2. Fishery Management

Chapter 20


Oceans in Jeopardy

1. Pollution
2. Global Warming 

Final Exam

1. 《Marine Ecology, Concepts and Applications》
Speight M, Henderson P (2010), Wiley-Blackwell出版社2010年出版。
2. Karleksint G, Turner R, Small JW (2012), Introduction to marine biology 4th edition, Brooks Cole出版社2012年出版

1) 沈国英,施并章(2003), 海洋生态学, 科学出版社2003年版。
2) 李冠国,范振刚(2004), 海洋生态学, 高等教育出版社2004年版。
3) 李博(2000), 生态学, 北京高等教育出版社2001年版。

1) Marine Ecology Progress Series
2) Ecology
3) Marine Biology
4) Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
5) Deep Sea Research I

Textbook1 download: Introduction to Marine Biology-Cengage Learning (2009)

Textbook2 download: Marine+Biology,+7th+Edition-Peter+Castro (2007)

Paper shared:

1. Eye lens radiocarbon reveals centuries of longevity in the Greenland shark, Science, 2016, 353(6300):702
2. Bright spots of sustainable shark fishing
3. Food web complexity and species diversity
4. Phytoplankton in a warmer world.
5. Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity.
6. A global perspective on the trophic geography of sharks.